Syllabus for M.Phil & Ph.D. Admission Test

I. Research Aptitude Test

Research Aptitude Test is an objective structured test to ascertain the knowledge of research methods and methodology and aptitude for undertaking doctoral research on the part of candidates.  The test is pitched at the level of Post-graduate course in research methods. The topics include:

  1. Definition of research and Kinds of research – Dimensions of research – thinking activity and reasoning relating to research – propositions and variables – research method and methodology –aims of research – – elements of research process – special features of research in law.
  2. Scientific method – What is science? – salient features – whether Scientific method can be made applicable to research in law- theory and fact – interface between theory and fact
  3. Research problem – definition – guidelines – steps in choosing legal research problems – importance of reviewing existing relevant literature in law.
  4. Sources of data- various kinds of sources for legal research
  5. Hypothesis – meaning, characteristics and types – distinction between research questions – research statements and Hypotheses – difficulties in formulating hypothesis – Testing the hypothesis.
  6. Research design- importance of research design – difficulties in formulating RD for legal research – essentials of good research design – types of research design. – steps in formulating research design
  7. Tools of data collection- Observation – questionnaire – schedule – Interview – relative importance – advantages and limitations.
  8. Sampling, – Importance of sampling in socio legal research – universe or population and sample – basic assumptions of sampling technique – characteristics of good sample – classifications – sampling errors – rectification.
  9. Social Survey – explanation – features – classification of surveys – stages in survey method – distinction between survey and experimental methods – How far experimental method can be useful for legal research. – errors in survey research.
  10. Case study method – its uses in qualitative research – definition and characteristics – sources for case study – various stages in applying case study method. –
  11. Content analysis – definition and various steps. – reliability and validity.
  12. Projective techniques – various types of projective techniques and their utility for legal research
  13. Jurimetrics
  14. Data analysis and interpretation
  15. Report writing – what is report writing? – different elements in report writing
  16. Citation methods

II. Contemporary Developments in the field of Law & Society

1. Developments in law relating to Citizenship, Immigrants and Foreigners.
2. Apex court on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity
3. Regulation of religious places of worship, Cultural Heritage and Legal Regime
4. Public Accountability and Anti-Corruption Measures
5. Reforms in the Higher Education
6. Election laws [Anti-defection laws, powers of Governor, powers of the Speaker of the Assembly]
7. Constitution of India and Special category states
8. Commercial Contracts and Commercial Courts
9. Environmental Protection
10. Cyber laws and Data Protection

III. Specific Questions in Law

1. CONSTITUTIONAL LAW OF INDIA : Preamble-Fundamental Rights and Duties-Directive Principles of State Policy-Judiciary-Executive-Union State Legislative Relations-Emergency Provisions-Amendment of the Constitution-Writ Jurisdiction.

2. LEGAL THEORY : Nature and Sources of Law-Positivism, Natural Law Theory and Sociological Jurisprudence-Theories of Punishment-Rights and Duties-Concepts of Possession and Ownership.

3. PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW : Nature of International Law and its Relationship with Municipal Law-Recognition of States and Governments-United Nations-Settlement of International Disputes-Human Rights.

4. FAMILY LAW : Concepts in Family Law-Sources of Family Law in India-Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage.

5. LAW OF CONTRACTS:-GENERAL PRINCIPLES : Essentials of a valid Contract-Offer, acceptance and consideration- Capacity to Contract-Minor’s Contract-Elements Vitiating Contracts- Mistake, Fraud, Misrepresentation, Public Policy, Coercion, Undue Influence, Frustration of Contract-Remedies for Breach of Contract- Damages.

6. LAW OF TORTS : Foundation of Tortious Liability-General Defences to an of Tort- Vicarious Liability- Remoteness of Damages- Contributory Negligence- Absolute and Strict Liability.

7. LAW OF CRIMES-GENERAL PRINCIPLES : Nature and Definition of Offence- General Exceptions-Common Intention and Common Object- Criminal Attempt, Conspiracy and Abetment- Offences against Women.

8. LABOUR LAW : Concepts- Industry, Industrial Dispute and Workman- Trade Unions- Rights and Immunities and Registered Trade Union- Registration and its advantages- Methods for Settlement of Industrial Disputes under Industrial Disputes Act, 1947- Strike and Lockout as Instruments of Collective Bargaining- Retrenchment, Lay-off and Closures.

9. PATENT AND COPYRIGHT LAW : The existing copyright, patent, trademark and designs and emerging (computer software) forms of intellectual property in terms of Indian law and policy as well as new international demands and trends.    The philosophical foundations of recognising intellectual       property rights, its relation with public interest and socio-economic development and the demands of equity and compulsions of international trade.

10. COMPETITION LAW : The concept of competition, market, market regulations, need thereof etc. Terms and phrases used in the Competition Act including those of Agreements/ contracts and its variants, Parties to an agreement, Good and Services, Relevant Market, Effect on Competition, Rules Applicable for determining ‘Effect’ on competition etc.The abuse of a dominant market position, various concepts and public and private enforcement of competition rules.Constitution, composition, powers and jurisdiction etc. of Competition Commission of Indian and Competition Appellate Tribunal.

11. CORPORATE LAW : History and evolution of Corporate Law; Stakeholders of a Modern Corporation and their respective position in the Corporation.Corporate Governance issues (Overview);Powers of the company;Corporate finance and investor protection provisions; Rules governing the issue and transfer of securities;Dividend; Accounting and auditing provisions.Organs of the company and their powers; Board of Directors as organ of the Company; Role of Independent Directors; Service conditions and remuneration of the directors; Directors’ Duties;Corporate Governance-meaning and significance; Corporate Insolvency and related issues; Corporate restructuring including mergers and acquisitions;  Corporate abuses and legal remedies – statutory, judicial and quasi-judicial.

Specific questions for other disciplines 

There will be a separate question paper with reference to Part III – specific questions for the candidates applying for Ph.D. (Inter-disciplinary) in the chosen area of the proposal.

Looking for a best real estate deals?

Learn More