M.Phil (Master of Philosophy)

Ph.D. – Doctor of Philosophy

For the Candidates who have qualified UGC NET / JRF, SLET, M.Phil and FOREIGN NATIONALS

Research Aptitude Test

Research Aptitude Test is an objective structured test to ascertain the knowledge of research methods and methodology and aptitude for undertaking doctoral research on the part of candidates.  The test is pitched at the level of Post-graduate course in research methods. The topics include:

  1. Definition of research and Kinds of research – Dimensions of research – thinking activity and reasoning relating to research – propositions and variables – research method and methodology –aims of research – – elements of research process – special features of research in law.
  2. Scientific method – What is science? – salient features – whether Scientific method can be made applicable to research in law- theory and fact – interface between theory and fact
  3. Research problem – definition – guidelines – steps in choosing legal research problems – importance of reviewing existing relevant literature in law.
  4. Sources of data- various kinds of sources for legal research
  5. Hypothesis – meaning, characteristics and types – distinction between research questions – research statements and Hypotheses – difficulties in formulating hypothesis – Testing the hypothesis.
  6. Research design- importance of research design – difficulties in formulating RD for legal research – essentials of good research design – types of research design. – steps in formulating research design
  7. Tools of data collection- Observation – questionnaire – schedule – Interview – relative importance – advantages and limitations.
  8. Sampling, – Importance of sampling in socio legal research – universe or population and sample – basic assumptions of sampling technique – characteristics of good sample – classifications – sampling errors – rectification.
  9. Social Survey – explanation – features – classification of surveys – stages in survey method – distinction between survey and experimental methods – How far experimental method can be useful for legal research. – errors in survey research.
  10. Case study method – its uses in qualitative research – definition and characteristics – sources for case study – various stages in applying case study method. –
  11. Content analysis – definition and various steps. – reliability and validity.
  12. Projective techniques – various types of projective techniques and their utility for legal research
  13. Jurimetrics
  14. Data analysis and interpretation
  15. Report writing – what is report writing? – different elements in report writing
  16. Citation methods

Candidates securing more than 50% marks will qualify for making an oral presentation before the panel of experts.

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