- 5-Year B.A., LL.B. (Hons.)
- Nov 2020
- Core Course
The course on Jurisprudence aims to introduce students to legal philosophy and ways in which the discipline of law has been imagined. At NLSIU, it is a core course, mandated by the BCI Rules of Legal Education, 2008. The course on Legal Methods may be thought a thematic predecessor to some of the ideas in Jurisprudence. However, in terms of depth or nuance with which legal philosophy is discussed, this course may be considered standalone.
I have approached the course with the core idea that legal philosophy has profound implications on the everyday practice of law. I strive to show students how schools of thought in jurisprudence have a relation to interpretative tools, for instance. I also deal with specific themes which I believe, bring to the fore, contested conceptions of law, rights, and justice. We also analyse movements within legal thought and their implications on policy. In conclusion, I strive to explore the idea as to what it means to design a legal system with the entire personhood of an individual at its centre. An act, which I believe, has profound implications on how we view legal philosophy.
I exclude from this course that ambit of jurisprudence prevalent in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, which is more focused on uncovering core meanings of legal concepts. I believe that these definitions have attained some degree of finality, and I also believe that some of these concepts are covered in other courses at NLSIU (Eg. mens rea in Criminal Law-I).
The readings for the course include academic writing, which includes writings on legal philosophy as well as on themes to be discussed in class, and predominantly Indian case law.
The instruction method is designed to expect students having done the readings in advance of class. I expect students to engage with the conceptual aspect of the discussion and for my role to be to clarify that if needed, and to lead the discussion to an application of the concept to practical legal issues. These may be case discussions, or problems posed in class.
The course starts with a primer on legal thought leading up to the twentieth century, and tries to uncover where legal philosophy fits into the development of law as historical and social facts. Then the course enters thematic discussion on the nature of the law, primarily, its interaction with morality, rights, and justice. Thereafter, the course explores legal movements shaping different ideas of law. The conclusion tries to imagine a legal theory centered around varying human experiences and a ‘distinction-less’ human existence. This part uses the death penalty as the factual counterpoint.